All words in Korean are composed of syllables, which go by the following basic rules: 1. A syllable begins with a consonant. 2. A syllable has at least one consonant and one vowel. 3. Each syllable gets written in a square box.
A syllable that consists of a consonant and a “vertical vowel’ is written with the consonant on the left and the vowel on the right. ㄴ[n] + ㅏ[a] = 나 [na]
A syllable that consists of a consonant and a ‘horizontal vowel’ is written with the consonant on top and the vowel underneath. ㄴ[n] + ㅗ [o] = 노[no]
If a syllable shows a consonant-vowel-consonant combination, in other words, if a syllable ends with a consonant, called batchim (meaning ‘supporting floor’ in Korean), the final consonant goes to the bottom – or floor- of that syllable.
ㅁ[m] +ㅏ[a] + ㄴ [n] = 만[man] ㅁ[m] + ㅗ [O] + ㄱ[k] = 목[mok]
All symbols of Hangeul are written from top to bottom and from left to right. Strokes are never interrupted, not even when they change directions halfway.