Reference Room
Unit 1 한글
UNIT 2 인사와 소개
UNIT 3 식당
UNIT 4 쇼핑

01. Introduction to Hangeul 1

Korean uses its own unique alphabet called Hangeul.

It is considered to be one of the most efficient alphabets in the world and has garnered unanimous praise from language experts for its scientific design and excellence.

Hangeul was created under King Sejong during the Joseon Dynasty (1393-1910). In 1446, the first Korean alphabet was proclaimed under the original name Hun-min-jeong-eum, which literally meant “the correct sounds for the instruction of the people.

Hangeul consists of 14 consonants and 10 vowels, totaling 24 basic characters. The shapes of Hangeul’s consonants were formed after voice organs (such as lip, tongue, throat, etc.) while those of the vowels were formed after what one might say symbolizes heaven, earth, and human beings.